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Ecomafias and Waste Entrepreneurs in the Italian Market
Massari, Monica

Environmental crime activities by criminal groups are gradually attracting the attention of political leaders, the media and the general public. Several observers, as well as national and international organisations, indicate that the level of infiltration of criminal organisations into different types of environmental crime increasingly represents a serious source of. This regards not only countries currently in transition toward different social, economic and political systems, but also those where fundamental democratic and civil rights (among them the right to live in a safe environment) are usually unquestioned. More crucially, the case is made that one of the side-effects of the current global industrial system, i.e. the increased production of hazardous and special wastes, has been exploited by a wide range of both legal and criminal actors who established new enterprises in the illegal management and trafficking of these materials. Although reports on this phenomenon regularly state that this illegal market is worth an incredible amount of money (between 12 and 15 billion euros) and that millions of metric tonnes of hazardous waste finds its way outside legal circuits every year, there have been very few empirical studies in this field (Legambiente 2002). This chapter focuses on the outcomes of a study on the role played by organised crime groups and other legal/illegal actors in the management and trafficking of special and hazardous waste in Italy, as part of a wider research project implemented in Italy and Spain.1 The analysis outlined a number of cases of illegal management and trafficking in hazardous and special waste.2 These took place during the past five years which saw the involvement of traditional mafia-type organizations, corporate entities, legitimate enterprises and partnerships between conventional organized crime affiliates, businessmen, local authorities and other official actors. The final goal is not only to provide a detailed overview of the phenomenon of illegal trafficking in hazardous waste, its characteristics, dynamics and trends, but also to outline the role played by both legal and illegal actors involved into this market, while emphasizing the similarities existing among their approaches toward business, their modus operandi and the techniques used.

About CCC

The Cross-Border Crime Colloquium is an annual event since 1999. It brings together experts on international organised (economic) crime to discuss the latest developments in empirical research, legislation and law enforcement, with a special geographical focus on Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. The Colloquia aim at building bridges in three respects: between East and West Europe, between scholars and practitioners, and between old and young.
2019Olsztyn, Poland
2021Kongsvinger, Norway (Virtual)
2019Utrecht, the Netherlands
2018Kharkiv, Ukraine
2017Bratislava, Slovakia
2016Newcastle, United Kingdom
2015Prague, Czech Republic
2014Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzeg.
2013Cambridge, United Kingdom
2012Manchester, United Kingdom
2011Tilburg, The Netherlands
2009Ghent, Belgium
2008Beograd, Serbia
2007Prague, Czech Republic
2006Tallinn, Estonia
2005Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzeg.
2004Berlin, Germany
2003Ainring, Germany
2002Ljubljana, Slovenia
2001Bratislava, Slovakia
2000Budapest, Hungary
1999Prague, Czech Republic

The 22nd Cross-border Crime Colloquium will be hosted by the The University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland on 10 and 11 October 2022. We will soon share the agenda and details on how to attend.
For information, please contact
Prof. Dr. Joanna Banach-Gutierrez:
Prof. Dr. Petrus C. van Duyne:

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